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The broker is an essential part of a foreign exchange business. However, it is often observed that new buyers need to give more consideration to selecting a broker, which is regarded as one of the most crucial aspects of the fx market.

This piece discusses the significance of selecting the appropriate partner in the forex business. This thorough study will explain how orders are carefully routed through the considerable forex market. Additionally, one shall delve into the array of forex brokers, carefully examining their strengths and flaws. Further, the most crucial factors to consider when selecting a forex broker will be explained, as it is a significant task. 

Which Broker Should Select?

Forex brokers may choose to include either handel table or non-dealing table execution models in their trading offerings for their clients. The execution models play a crucial role in transforming a trading terminal-placed order into an active position on the market.

When you choose to work with a broker that uses a dealing desk, the “dealing desk” that handles the execution of orders is handled and facilitated by a “dealing desk” that is monitored and administered by the chosen broker. It is vital to keep in mind that orders are routed to the interbank market in a smooth manner when working with a Non-dealing desk (ECN and STP) broker. This ensures a procedure that is both direct and effective when it comes to the execution of trades.

An ECN broker can be viewed as highly advantageous if:

  • To effectively implement a trading strategy, one must place a premium on execution speed.
  • As a seasoned forex expert, it is essential to prioritize securing the most advantageous bid-ask spread while concurrently securing a fixed commission rate.
  • As a forex trader, one may seek the advantage of executing transactions flexibly, transcending traditional trading hours. By aligning with ECN brokers that actively participate in and facilitate transactions on central market exchanges, one can capture trading opportunities at any time.

An STP (Straight Through Processing) broker could be the best option if:

  • For a savvy forex trader, looking for trading conditions that offer a commission-free structure and tight spreads is essential. This combination maximizes cost-effectiveness and increases the potential for profitable transactions.
  • Interest exists in gaining direct interbank market access for forex transactions in real-time. 

An Explanation of ECN and STP

ECN brokers, also called Electronic Communications Network traders, are respected in the foreign exchange market. It’s important to note that these deals happen without any help or interference from a dealer. This makes the selling process more open and efficient. The bank that carries out a stop order does not have access to personal information regarding the individual who placed the order or the specific location of the stop order. So, it is essential to know that ECN traders are the only ones who can route trades.

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Straight Through Processing (STP) is a cutting-edge technology that competent brokers use to send trades online without needing an intermediary. This gives traders direct access to the market. STP brokers ship trade orders directly to a partner, such as another STP broker, a market broker, or even an ECN broker. This is a very efficient way to do business. How each order is sent depends on several factors and market situations. On the foreign exchange market, deals are made without a trading desk because they go straight to the market.

ECN (Electronic Communication Network) and STP (Straight Through Processing) traders work as non-dealing desk companies. Trade orders are ensured not to be sent to a selling desk, as these companies do not possess any. This setup handles any possible conflicts of Interest between the user, the seller, and the chosen broker. The order is filled smoothly and at the best price, likely because it is done electronically.

How ECN and STP Brokers Are Different

In the world of forex dealing, ECN (Electronic Communication Network) and STP (Straight Through Processing) companies are different in several important ways:

  • In the forex business, ECN firms are known for having the highest level of openness.
  • ECN brokers only send orders to the well-known interbank market, while STP brokers can send orders to various liquidity sources, such as prominent banks or interbank markets.
  • In foreign exchange buying, it’s essential to know that ECN brokers always charge a fee on every trade they make. On the other hand, STP dealers can charge fees and profit from the spreads simultaneously.
  • Spreads from ECN brokers constantly change, while spreads from STP brokers stay the same.

Advantages and Disadvantages of ECN Brokers


  • Engage in dealing with small bid-ask spreads from the interbank market. This will stop re-quotes and slippage from happening.
  • The forex market offers the chance of achieving exceptionally narrow spreads, which may occasionally hit zero levels.
  • The ECN exchange makes sure that traders don’t have to compete with each other by not taking bets against them.
  • The stated prices are more volatile, which makes them better for scalping tactics.
  • Instant access to the exchange market is available, allowing for real-time currency trading. 


  • In the world of foreign exchange, charging a fee on every deal is a common practice.

Advantages and Disadvantages of STP Brokers


  • One can improve their trade approach and make more money by focusing on exchange pairs with low bid-ask spreads.
  • The stated prices are more volatile, which makes them better for scalping tactics.
  • Get a smooth connection to the financial market to trade currencies in real-time.


  • Smaller brokerage companies often use STP links to smoothly connect their traders to the market’s most important dealers. These well-known forex companies can set up a direct link between the user and the market, or they can choose to process and handle the trades themselves.
  • There is less clarity about how orders are sent from one place to another.


Considering the cost of commissions, it’s important to note that ECN, with its tight spreads and fast processing, has a better cost structure over long periods. STP accounts are also a good choice because of how quickly they can trade and how broad the trading environment is.

If one cannot decide between ECN (Electronic Communication Network) and STP (Straight Through Processing), it is suggested to try dealing with a test account. This will make it easier to get a whole idea of both platforms, which will help individuals figure out and choose a system that works well with their trading style. Regardless of one’s preferences, selecting a licensed broker and verifying their reputation within the market is advisable.

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Nathan Boardman

By Nathan Boardman

Nathan Boardman, acclaimed Forex trader and author, specializes in market analysis, strategy development, and risk management. His insightful articles, published in Forex Profiles, empower readers to navigate the currency market successfully.

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