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The term “pip” is the acronym for “price of a percentage point” or “percentage at a point.” A clear understanding of how to count pips in Forex is crucial because it allows you to determine the appropriate trade size and potential profit based on your account equity. Let’s delve deeper into this subject.

What Is a Pip in Forex?

A pip, or percentage in a pip, is a unit of measure used in forex trading to indicate the slightest possible price movement. A change of one pip represents a movement of one unit in the fourth decimal place of a currency pair’s exchange rate.

In Forex, a pip represents the slightest price movement in an exchange rate. Major currency pairs are usually quoted to four decimal places. It is synonymous with one percent, also known as a basis point or 1/100th.

The minimum step by which the USD/CAD currency pair can fluctuate is one basis point, equal to $0.0001.

In the world of foreign exchange trading, traders buy and sell currencies valued against other currencies. Supply and demand spreads often manifest themselves in the form of quotes. In Forex, one pip change corresponds to a one percent shift.

Pay attention to the last decimal point, the fourth digit, to note any changes. In the trading context, a pip represents the smallest unit of price change in a currency pair. For example, if the value of a currency is 1.2345, a one-point change will result in a new value of 1.2346.

To measure pips in Forex, you need to understand that a pip is the smallest unit of measurement in Forex trading. To calculate the value of a pip, multiply the pip value by the position size and the exchange rate. This will give the monetary value of the pip movement. Traders can use this information to determine their potential gains or losses and make informed trading decisions.

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In Forex, pip measurement is determined by carefully observing fluctuations in the exchange rate. It is customary in forex trading that most currency pairs use a four-digit style. Thus, a one percent change in value is equivalent to one pip.

In currency quotes, a pip is the most accurate unit for measuring the difference between the bid-ask spread. Typically, a pip is equivalent to 0.0001.

What Must Be Done to Calculate a Pip?

To calculate a pip in Forex, determine the decimal place of a currency pair’s exchange rate. From here, you can subtract the opening rate from the closing rate to determine the pip value. Please note that the pip value depends on the currency pair and transaction size.

The pip value depends on various factors, including the transaction value, the exchange rate, and the currency pair. If you deposit into a forex trading account with USD as the base and the quote currency, the pip value will remain constant at 0.0001.

Calculating the Pip Value in Practice

Let’s calculate a pip using the EUR/USD currency pair as an example. To calculate the pip value, multiply the trade or lot size by 0.0001. To calculate the pip value for a EUR 10,000 trade, you would multiply that amount by 0.0001, resulting in a pip value of USD 1.

Assuming that the EUR/USD exchange rate is 1.0701 and the subsequent sale is at 1.0711, the profit on a purchase of 10,000 EUR equals 10 USD or 10 points.

Calculating Pips With USD as the Base Currency

If the pair’s base currency is the US dollar, the exchange rate will influence the point value. To understand this, consider the USD/CAD pair. To calculate the pip value, divide the pip size by the exchange rate and then multiply the result by the trade value.

Assuming a standard lot size of 100,000, consider an exchange rate of USD/CAD of 1.2829. To obtain a pip value of $7.79, divide 0.0001 by 1.2829 and multiply the result by 100,000.

Assuming a purchase of 100,000 USD/CAD at 1.2829 followed by a sale at 1.2830, a profit of one pip would be $7.79.

An Important Exception to the Rule

It is important to note that the Japanese yen is an exception to the four-decimal place rule, as it uses only two decimal places for pairs. In such cases, the point value is 1/100 and is then divided by the prevailing exchange rate.

If the EUR/JPY currency pair is quoted at 132.62 and the lot size is €100,000, the pip value would be $7.54. To obtain the result of multiplying 1/10 (also known as one pip) by 100,000 after dividing by 132.62, you must first divide 1/10 by 132.62 to get a ratio of 0.0000754. This coefficient can then be multiplied by 100,000 to arrive at the final result.

To determine the number of pips in a Forex trade, select the currency pair and the current exchange rate first. Once we have this information, we can calculate the difference between the entry and exit price in pips.

It is important to note that each pip’s value depends on the trade size and the currency pair traded.

What Is Important to Remember When Calculating Pips?

Before you start, you need to understand the purpose of a pip about your account currency.

Given the market’s global nature, people may likely use different options. Doing the calculation is a simple task. To calculate the pip value, you must first find the “found pip value” and then perform a multiplication or division operation with the exchange rate of the account currency and the currency in question.

When considering trading GBP/JPY against the USD, it is essential to look at the GBP point value, currently 0.813, and the exchange rate ratio of 1.5590. To calculate the point value of the movement, you need to divide the decimal point value of the currency pair, which in this case is 0.813, by the current exchange rate ratio of 1.5590. This will result in a pip value of $1.2674. Each 0.1 pip movement of GBP/JPY corresponds to a change of approx. USD 1.27 in the value of your 10,000 units.


Real calculating pips in Forex can be a significant challenge, but it remains essential to developing effective trading strategies and plans. Most brokers offer such a service, but you can also conveniently use online calculators.

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Nathan Boardman

By Nathan Boardman

Nathan Boardman, acclaimed Forex trader and author, specializes in market analysis, strategy development, and risk management. His insightful articles, published in Forex Profiles, empower readers to navigate the currency market successfully.

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